Abady Law Firm, P.C. – Customs and Import/Export Attorney Blog

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Archive for the "Sanctions and Embargoes" Category

Exporting to Dubai – UAE and CBP’s Fear of Iran

Companies looking to export goods to Dubai need to be aware that it takes proper precaution before they submit the export documents to U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP” or “Customs”).  We have dealt with many cases where Customs is suspicious as to the end user of said goods.  Conversations with CBP personnel have indicated that Dubai is a major reexporter of goods to Iran.  As of today’s blog post, the U.S. maintains sanctions against Iran.  See our previous posts on Iran and sanctions here.  As a result, goods may be detained and/or seized because an Office of Foreign Assets and Control (“OFAC”) license is required to be obtained before they can be permitted export to Iran.

Many times the goods are destined for Dubai and are going to stay in Dubai. Due to the cross-border relationship between Dubai and Iran, it is vital that the proper information be provided to Customs prior to questions regarding the final destination of your products.  We have represented companies before Customs in disclosing the right information so that their shipments see clearance for export at ports around the country.

If you intend on exporting products to Dubai or are in the midst of questions from CBP regarding your exports to Dubai contact us immediately.

Resource Information

For more information about this blog post, please contact Abady Law Firm, P.C. and speak with our customs attorney at (800) 549-5099. Also visit www.customsesq.com to chat with a customs and international trade attorney —  about your company’s import/export situation and to schedule a consultation.  To chat with us, click the bottom right corner tab of our homepage.

Import/Export Attorney: OFAC, Cuba, and Baseball

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the US Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions based on US foreign policy and national security goals against targeted foreign countries and regimes, terrorists, international narcotics traffickers, those engaged in activities related to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and other threats to the national security, foreign policy or economy of the United States. OFAC acts under Presidential national emergency powers, as well as authority granted by specific legislation, to impose controls on transactions and freeze assets under US jurisdiction. Many of the sanctions are based on United Nations and other international mandates, are multilateral in scope, and involve close cooperation with allied governments.

Baseball and Cuba are synonymous.  Cuba has been known to develop top talent in Major League Baseball.  Such names include Rafael Palmeiro, Jose Canseco, Minnie Miñoso, and Camilo Pascual. However, given the lack of diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba it has been difficult for Cuban nationals to represent their homeland.  When a player decides to defect from Cuba, he has made his choice between the two countries.   Today, top Cuban Major League players include Yoenis Céspedes, Aroldis Chapman, and Leonys Martin.   In order to sign with a major league team these Cuban baseball players had to first present either an unblocking license from the U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) or two permanent residency documents from another country. See 31 C.F.R. 515.505 below:

(a) General license unblocking certain persons. The following persons are licensed as unblocked nationals, as that term is defined in § 515.307 of this part:

(1) Any individual who:

(i) Has taken up residence in the United States;
(ii) Is a United States citizen, a permanent resident alien of the United States, or has applied to become a permanent resident alien of the United States and has an adjustment of status application pending; and
(iii) Is not a specially designated national; and

(2) Any entity that otherwise would be a national of Cuba solely because of the interest therein of an individual licensed in paragraph (a)(1) of this section as an unblocked national.

(b) Specific licenses unblocking certain individuals who have taken up permanent residence outside of Cuba. Individual nationals of Cuba who have taken up permanent residence outside of Cuba may apply to the Office of Foreign Assets Control to be specifically licensed as unblocked nationals. Applications for specific licenses under this paragraph should include copies of at least two documents indicating permanent residence issued by the government authorities of the new country of permanent residence, such as a passport, voter registration card, permanent resident alien card, or national identity card. In cases where two of such documents are not available, other information will be considered, such as evidence that the individual has been resident for the past two years without interruption in a single country outside of Cuba or evidence that the individual does not intend to, or would not be welcome to, return to Cuba.

For more information regarding OFAC as it relates to baseball contact us at 347-512-9007.

Import Export Attorney: Sanctions and Embargoes

Sanctions and embargoes can be thought of as political coercive measures.  Examples include the prohibition of doing business with certain countries, governments or individuals.  The reason behind these measures are to compel those countries, governments or individuals to comply with international laws or other obligations in order to maintain national-security and safety objectives.

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the US Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions based on US foreign policy and national security goals against targeted foreign countries and regimes, terrorists, international narcotics traffickers, those engaged in activities related to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and other threats to the national security, foreign policy or economy of the United States.

Such examples of countries under the embargo include Cuba, Iran, and North Korea.  Importers must ensure that their shipments are imported or exported before the effective date of the embargo.  The government is not flexible as to allowing any merchandise leave or enter the country ince the effective date has passed.  If any of your merchandise is subject to a sanction or embargo it is best to consult with a professional who can guide you as to your rights with respect to   your product.

Happy Importing 🙂